Menopause is a natural part of aging experienced by women aged 45-55 years, where the menstrual cycle stops and can't get pregnant again naturally. In Indonesia, the average age of menopause is 51 years.
As women age, the hormone estrogen, which is a hormone that regulates the monthly reproductive cycle -the production and release of eggs from the ovaries each month for fertilization and the thickening of the lining of the uterus that is ready to receive a fertilized egg - decreases in levels until it stops, so the stock of cells Eggs drop, ovulation, menstruation, and pregnancy stop.
Women need to know facts related to menstruation to be ready to face changes in themselves, including:
1. Menstrual cycle begins to change before menopause
Women can be said to be menopausal after not having menstruation for 12 consecutive months. Towards menopause, menstruation usually becomes irregular, such as having periods that are faster or slower than usual, and less or more blood coming out.
2. Experiencing physical and psychological changes
Menopause occurs due to a decrease in important hormones that regulate the monthly reproductive cycle in women, the effect is that symptoms arise such as easily feeling hot, decreased libido, often feeling tired, difficulty sleeping, vaginal dryness, skin is not flexible, breast sagging, mood swings, weight gain drops, hair loss, and migraines.
3. Affects the organs of the womb
Because productivity stops, problems with the uterus also decrease. However, it has an effect on the uterine organs such as reduced cervical mucus, shrinking uterine muscles, and the problem of hormonal deficiency.
4. Need a menopausal checkup
It is difficult to determine or predict the time of menopause because it is different for each woman, but it can be seen from the symptoms experienced. For women who are 45 years old and experiencing menopause symptoms, it is recommended to see a doctor, with a frequency of six months or once a year.
5. Hormone replacement therapy
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) needs to be given to reduce the effects and symptoms that can affect the quality of life. HRT can be attached, inserted into the vagina, in pill form, or in the form of a cream.
That's a fact about menopause. If you have understood it early on, the time will come when you will understand the necessary treatment according to the conditions. You can also consult a gynecologist through the mDoc application.