Renal failure is the inability of the kidneys to perform excretory functions which causes retention of nitrogenous waste products from the blood. The cause of kidney failure is due to a bad lifestyle, such as: lack of consumption of water; obesity; consumption of unhealthy food and drinks containing preservatives, caffeine, high in sugar, or high in salt; smoke; to consumption of illegal drugs; the habit of holding back urination which causes infections and kidney stones; blockage of the flow of urine due to kidney stones, enlarged prostate, prostate cancer, bladder cancer; sudden decreased blood flow to the kidneys, such as due to severe dehydration, bleeding, shock, heart attack, allergic reactions, severe burns, severe infections, hypertension, and taking anti-inflammatory drugs; untreated hypertension; diabetes; and genetic and autoimmune diseases such as lupus and IgA nephropathy, polycystic kidney disease, nephritis syndrome, glomerulonephritis, kidney stones, or recurrent kidney infections.
Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure. High levels of sugar in the blood make the kidneys work extra to get rid of excess sugar levels into urine. Gradually the kidneys will be damaged and lose their function to filter waste or toxins.
In diabetics, the small blood vessels in the body will also be injured. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, the kidneys are unable to filter and clean the blood properly. This results in protein in the urine, waste buildup in the blood, and the body retaining more water and salt than it should.
Diabetes can also cause nerve damage, making it difficult for the body to empty the bladder. The pressure that results from a full bladder can injure the kidneys and put you at risk for developing an infection.
20 to 30 percent of people with diabetes develop kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy). Unfortunately, chronic kidney disease that leads to kidney failure is a silent killer, often sufferers do not feel certain symptoms until the disease has entered an advanced stage and kidney function has decreased.
If you have risk factors for kidney failure, especially diabetes, early detection by consulting immediately with a kidney and diabetes specialist through the mDoc application. You can book an appointment online via the mDoc app or take advantage of our telemedicine service. Hopefully this information is useful, ya!