Humans have an immune system to protect themselves from disease since in the womb. Even so, the baby's immune system has not been able to work optimally. At the time of birth, the mother will transfer components of the immune system in the form of IgG through the blood vessels and the placenta. After birth, babies will receive IgA, IgD, IgE, IgM, and IgG antibodies from exclusive breastfeeding. Babies will start producing antibodies and building their own immune system at 2 to 3 months of age. So that immunization is needed to improve and strengthen the immune system of the newly formed baby.
There are 2 types of immunization, namely basic immunization and advanced immunization. Basic immunization consists of Hepatitis B (HB-0) to prevent Hepatitis B and liver damage, Bacillus calmette guerin (BCG) to prevent tuberculosis, Polio to prevent polio, diphtheria pertussis tetanus-hepatitis b-hemophilus influenza type b (DPT-HB). -Hib) to prevent diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus, hepatitis B, and influenza, as well as measles or MR to prevent measles. The basic immunization is given when the baby is below 24 hours of birth until the age of 9 months respectively. Meanwhile, follow-up immunizations consisting of DPT-HB-Hib, Measles/MR, DT, and TD are given when babies are 18 months old to 5th graders.
Babies who do not receive complete immunizations certainly have an impact on health. These impacts include a weak immune system because the body is not able to recognize disease, is more susceptible to severe illness and continues to be a complication to disability, is at risk of infecting and contracting diseases to those around him, contributing to disease outbreaks in the environment, decreasing quality of life due to disability. fixed, and decreased life expectancy due to death from disease.
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