Stunting is a growth and development disorder so that children have short stature and are far from the average of other children of the same age.
Malnutrition during pregnancy is a major factor in stunting. Fetal growth is stunted and can continue after birth. Therefore, pregnant women must really maintain pregnancy in order to prevent stunting.
1.) Pregnant women must consume complete nutrition in appropriate and balanced amounts, which contain macro and micro components. Macronutrients are foods that contain carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Meanwhile, micronutrients are foods that contain various types of vitamins and minerals, namely iron, folic acid, choline, magnesium, iodine, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin B, and vitamin D. Foods with balanced nutrition such as fish, eggs, meat, seafood, nuts, seeds, milk, cheese, yogurt, as well as a variety of fruits and vegetables. Iron and folic acid can also be obtained from supplements given during pregnancy consultations.
2.) Perform routine pregnancy check-ups. It aims to monitor fetal growth and development, and detect if there are problems with the fetus or the health of pregnant women.
3.) Implementing clean and healthy living behavior (PHBS) to prevent infection during pregnancy. Certain bacterial, viral or parasitic infections that pregnant women experience can increase the risk of the fetus experiencing stunting or even more serious health problems, such as birth defects.
4.) Avoiding cigarette smoke, because exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of children being born prematurely, having low birth weight, and experiencing stunting.
5.) Exercise regularly to support a healthy pregnancy, increase stamina and fitness, and support fetal growth and reduce the risk of stunting.
For mDoc users who want consultation related to pregnancy, stunting, child nutrition or other health problems, you can consult health with trusted medical personnel through the mDoc by mHealthbank application which can be downloaded on the Playstore and Appstore.